Thursday, September 15, 2011

150th Anniversary of the Memorandum of the Slovak Nation Cover

Once again many thanks to Robert Brnka for yet another lovely cover posted from Bratislava, Slovakia!
On 6th June 2011, Slovak Post issued a commemorative stamp dealing with one of the most significant events of the modern Slovak history - Declaration of the Memorandum of the Slovak Nation on June 6 - 7, 1861 at the national assembly in Martin.

The Slovaks tried to obtain acknowledgement of their national individuality and drawing political consequences of this acknowledgement - obtaining Home Rule on a designed area (Slovak area) which they inhibated. It was related to the renewal of political life in the Austrian Empire, where the Slovaks lived after the fall of the Bach's absolutism. It followed the October Certificate of the Emperor of 1860 promising the renewal of free political life. Since this life was supposed to be carried out in historically constitutional monarchy units, the Slovaks sent their memorandum primarily to the Diet of Hungarian Kingdom. It, however, refused to deal with it. After the Diet was dismissed, the permanent committee elected in Martin turned to the Emperor with the Memorandum.
This so called Vienna Memorandum was supplemented with the Privilege (constitution) for the Slovak area in which the constitutional position of the Slovak nation within the Monarchy was determined. At that time the Memorandum was not successful, its ideas, however, were the basis of the Slovak political program until 1938.

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